Man is a created spirit-being and it is to this spirit, Ayurveda speaks. 'Ayur' means 'life' and 'Veda' means 'science', which combined means "Science of Life."
Ayurveda is a traditional system of medicine that has been practiced for over 5,000 years. Ayurvedic medicine was based on a theory about balance among three essential vital forces in an individual. Somewhat similar to Western concept of humors (a notion propounded by Hippocrates in fifth century BCE that human body contained four humors, or fluids, on whose equilibrium health is depended), these vital forces called Tridoshas or "three doshas" are ‘vayu’ or 'vata' (loosely translated as wind), 'pitta' (bile) and 'kapha' (mucus).
Balance of those vital forces gives each person his or her specific mental and physical characteristics. Imbalance - resulting in disease - arises from either congenital or inborn causes and acquired or external factors. Such external agents could be diet, addictions, habits, inappropriate foods and drinks, sexual habits, place of residence, climate or injuries.
Ayurveda operates on the precept that various ingredients of vegetable, animal and mineral origin have some medicinal value. Medicinal properties of these materials have been documented by practitioners and have been used for centuries to cure illness and help maintain good health. Ayurvedic medicaments are made from herbs or mixtures of herbs, either alone or in combination with minerals and plant products. Raw plants and minerals are purified several times by individual processes before being used for medicinal purposes. This is accomplished with preparations of herbs and organic vegetation products; decoctions in clarified butter (ghee); and dietary adjustments in one's lifestyle. These Ayurvedic concepts allow physicians to examine homeostasis of whole system.
Ayurveda focuses on spirit, soul and mind for it is in harmony of these, lies abundant health. According to this perspective, Ayurveda is concerned with measures to protect "LIFE" or "Ayus" of a person, balance his spirit as well as mind to bring hisdisturbed state back in harmony and vitality. Ayurvedic wisdom originated in Vedas as a part of way of life is an eternal connection with spirit and nature.